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Water industry

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 Water industry


  ▶ The water industry provides drinking water and wastewater services (including sewage treatment) to households and industry.

  ▶ The modern water industry operates sophisticated and costly water and wastewater networks and sewage treatment plants, and 
      typically consumes 1-2% of GDP. It is generally a natural monopoly,  and as a result is usually run as a public service by a 
      public utility which is owned by local or national government. In some countries, notably France, the UK and the Czech Republic, 
      the water industry is regulated but services are largely operated by private companies with exclusive rights for a limited period  
      and a well-defined geographical space.


   Sea Water
(Potable/drinking water treatment)   Industry of intake, deliver and purification from lake or river(nature). It includes physical and chemical processes to remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants. Its objective is to produce clean water for suppling.

(Wastewater/sewage treatment)


Industry of removing contaminants from wastewater and sewage. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants. Its objective is to produce a waste stream (or treated effluent) and a solid waste or sludge suitable for discharge or reuse back into the environment.

(Related industry)


Design, construction, production of materials and equipments, chemicals, R&D, training, consulting and etc.


Humanity's Top Ten Problems over Next 50 Years (Dr. E. Smalley (Rice Univ.) Professor)

① Energy, ② Water, ③ Food,  ④ Environment, ⑤ Poverty, ⑥ Terrorism and War,

⑦ Disease,  ⑧ Education,  ⑨ Democracy,  ⑩Population



(BOT Business)


contents_img Evolution of Water Treatment Technology


1st generation(1800s~Present)

2nd generation(1920s~Present)

3rd generation(1990s~Present)

Physical-chemical treatment

Biological treatment

Membrane treatment

Treatment methods

- Removal of pollutants bycoagulant and filtered by sand filter.

- Removal of colloids

-Aerobic/anaerobic bacteria digest the pollutants.-Removal of dissolved organic matter

-Removal of colloids and dissolved matter by using various membranes


-Using of chemicals like coagulants

-Occurrence of a number of sludge

-Residual Al in according to dosing coagulants

-General process for drinking water treatment

-Decrease of secondary pollution than physical-chemical process

-Need an advanced treatment for removing the non-degradable

-General process for municipal treatment

-Less space requirement compared to conventional processes

-Easy to control and be possible automatic operation

-Application of drinking/ wastewater treatment

-stability of quality product


contents_img Future Prospects od Water Industry



contents_img Water Treatment Market Outlook by Membrane Markets



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